Traditions & Culture

Culture


Sri Lanka is a small tropical island off the southern tip of India. The island nation covers approximately 25,332 square miles (65,610 square kilometers) and is divided ecologically into a dry zone stretching from the north to the southeast and a wet zone in the south, west, and central regions. According to the 2012 census, The Population of the country is 20.48 Million. The Sinhalese make up 74.9% of the population and are concentrated in the densely populated south-west and central parts of the island. The Sri Lankan Tamils, who live predominantly in the north and east of the island, form the largest minority group at 11.1%) of the total population.

The Moors, descendants of Arab traders that settled in Sri Lanka and married local women, form the third largest ethnic group at 9.3% of the population. Christian and catholic represents the 7.62% of the total population according to the 2012 census.There are three official languages in Sri Lanka: Sinhala, Tamil, and English. Sinhala, the language of the majority, and Tamil, spoken by Muslims as well as ethnic Tamils, are the primary languages of the island.

Sri Lanka has a very vast and rich cultural diversity. The Culture and tradition of the island has long been influenced by the heritage of “Theravada Buddhism” pass on from India. Sri Lankan Culture if often reflected by the use of art, architecture, sculptures, rituals, festivals and Sri Lankan food.