History

History of Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka is slightly packed with world heritage sites that you should make time to visit and see their beauty of your own eyes if possible. These include, The Lion Rock- Sigiriya Rock Fortress, the Eighth Wonder of the World, 200m high an Isolated Rock with a Royal Palace of a King who lived in 04th Century, shows its pride. The Sacred City of Kandy, a famous pilgrimage site for Buddhists in the centre of the country, The Temple of Tooth, a plateau is surrounded by mountains, The old fortified town of Galle, which was founded in the 16th century by the Portuguese on the southwestern tip of the island ,And the Golden Temple of Dambulla, also well known as Rock Temple, a cave monastery with Buddhist mural paintings and 157 statues and over 1000 of Buddhist paintings that has been a sacred pilgrimage site for 22 centuries. In short, anyone with a historical inclination will find Sri Lanka, which was colonized by the Dutch, Portuguese and British, fascinating.

Colonial Era of Sri Lanka

Colonial History starts by the Portuguese. Portuguese arrived in 1505 and the main city was established at Kotte, in the Western lowlands. The Portuguese came to trade in spices but stayed to rule until 1656 in the coastal regions. Then Dutch came thereafter. The Dutch rule lasted from 1656 to 1796.Rule was displaced by the British in 1796. During this period the highland Kingdom, with its capital in Kandy, retained its independence despite repeated assaults by foreign powers who ruled the rest of the country. In 1815 the whole island came under British power when the last Sinhalese King Keerthi Sri Wickrama Rajasinghe was captured. Modern communications, Western medical services, education in English, as well as the plantation industry developed during the British rule. By a process of peaceful, constitutional evolution, Sri Lanka won back her independence in 1948 and is now a sovereign republic, with membership in the Commonwealth of Nations and the United Nations Organization.